What is Venous Stasis Dermatitis? Venous stasis is an abnormal filtration of blood through the vein that results in an accumulation of waste material in the deep vein system. Venous stasis is often caused by poor blood circulation in the veins; other causes include atherosclerosis, trauma to the leg, or an infection. Left unchecked, it can lead to serious complications, including permanent nerve damage and gangrene.
How are venous stasis dermatitis and its complications diagnosed? Blood tests are usually done to diagnose the condition, but rarely do medical experts rely on imaging tests to confirm a diagnosis. Instead, doctors usually require clinical presentation of the patient’s symptoms, which may point them to venous ulcers. These include skin rash, unexplained fever, and excessive pain in the legs. Signs of possible venous ulcers include: redness, warmth, and tenderness of the leg; varicose veins, impaired circulation, and anemia.
Treating venous stasis dermatitis involves treating the underlying cause, whether it’s an infection trauma, atherosclerosis, or other conditions. The first step is to boost the circulatory process, restoring the blood flow to the vein. This can be done by reducing stress, increasing circulation through massage, application of cold packs or ice, or applying a topical anesthetic agent. Venapro is an injectable steroid that provides a continuous, sustained stream of steroids throughout the treatment period. The process of boosting the blood flow typically takes several weeks.
The second step is identifying the symptoms of venous stasis dermatitis. In this case, most doctors look for at least four of the symptoms listed above. If the symptoms are present and the cause is still unclear, then further testing is needed. These could include venopuncture or ultrasound, either of which will provide additional information about the condition. Once doctors have the information they need, they can determine if treatment is required, either through lifestyle changes or medication.
Venous insufficiency refers to a number of conditions and diseases including venous stasis dermatitis. Some individuals may benefit from vasoconstrictors, a class of drugs that decrease inflammation and swelling. For individuals who suffer from insufficiency, the use of compression stockings can help alleviate swelling and reduce pain. If lifestyle changes do not help, treatment including anti-inflammatory medications and the use of steroids may be recommended.
Doctors know many factors that contribute to the development of venous stasis dermatitis. Heredity predisposes some people to the condition, while others develop it as a result of poor blood flow in their legs. Poor blood flow can result in varicose veins, spider veins and large veins. For those who suffer from venous insufficiency, lifestyle changes can help alleviate the condition, although medication may be needed to reduce inflammation and swelling. If you think you may suffer from this condition, talk to your doctor today and find out more about this health problem.